Bruises are most often a reaction of the skin to trauma, due to damage to small blood vessels, or spillage of blood outside the blood vessel. They mostly appear as a reaction to an injury, but sometimes they can also be a sign of more serious diseases. Most often they arise as a result of various injuries, but they can also indicate the development of more serious diseases.
Bruises are common and harmless
Bruises are mostly the result of the body hitting a solid object, they can occur after some medical intervention, they are common in sports. There is no standard lifespan for bruises, their recovery depends on the cause of the bruise, its size. Experts emphasize that bruises last one to three weeks on average, and during the healing process the bruise changes color.
Bruises can occur due to blood clotting disorders and are then more permanent. In rare cases, malignant skin cancer melanoma can appear as a black-blue spot, which looks like a bruise, the advice is that if the bruises do not go away even after two weeks, contact the doctor.
Which bruises require a medical examination?
If you notice frequent bruises, without any particular reason, consult a specialist. Occasional bruises of unknown origin are not a cause for concern, but if they are frequent and are not the result of any particular reason, consult an expert. In some cases, frequent bruising can be a sign of the blood clotting disorder hemophilia or von Willebrand disease.
Big, painful bruises
These types of bruising are called hematomas and can sometimes be a sign of a more serious injury, such as a broken bone. A hematoma can also be a symptom of bleeding in the body that requires treatment. Hematomas are more common in people suffering from blood clotting disorders or in patients on anticoagulant therapy.
When spot bleeding occurs on the skin
Petechiae appear as small, red dots on the skin due to internal bleeding or leaky capillaries. Sometimes they look like a purple, red or brown rash up to 3 mm in diameter. Petechiae can also be the result of infections, low levels of platelets in the blood, or a sign of severe stress due to severe coughing or physical exertion. They are common in children who cough hard for a long time.
Senile purpura is a consequence of the reduction of connective tissue in older people and is a common cause of painless bruising. With aging, the blood vessels become more sensitive and this reaction occurs. They are observed on parts of the body exposed to the sun. These skin changes can last for several weeks, months or be permanent. In the affected areas, the skin and subcutaneous tissue are thinned. Senile purpura is mostly an aesthetic rather than a health problem, experts say.
Bruises are more noticeable on white skin
Due to the type and color of the skin, some people are more susceptible to bruises, on lighter skin, sometimes even a minor injury can manifest as a bruise. These changes on the skin can also be a consequence of the use of some drugs such as anticoagulants, antidepressants, especially selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, aspirin. They can also be a side effect of using non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as ibuprofen. If you are taking these medicines and have frequent bruises, it is advisable to consult a doctor.
How can home remedies relieve bruises?
Home remedies can relieve painful bruises, ice quickly applied to the injured area can relieve swelling and pain, however, it is recommended not to use ice for more than 15 minutes to avoid skin irritation. It is recommended to avoid hot baths for 48 hours after the injury, because the heat expands the blood vessels and an even bigger bruise is possible.
When should we be concerned about bruising?
Most bruises are not a cause for concern, but in some situations it is better to consult an expert. If they last longer than three weeks, if they appear regularly, without a clear reason, in the same place, if they are accompanied by a high body temperature, swollen lymph nodes, night sweats or unexplained weight loss, you should definitely contact your doctor.